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Ecstasy Ecstasy (MDMA)

 Street Names:- XTC, X, E, Adam, Clarity, hug, beans, love drug, dennis the menace, rhubarb, love doves, disoc burgers, phase 4, diamonds, fantasy, echoes, eve, new yorkers, mdma

 What is Ecstasy

Ecstasy (MDMA) is a man-made drug that acts as both a stimulant and a hallucinogen (causing hallucinations or psychotic symptoms). It is taken orally as a capsule or tablet. Its chemical structure is similar to two (2) other synthetic drugs, MDA & Methamphetamine, which are known to cause brain damage.

 

The prevalence of ecstasy use and abuse in Australia is increasing rapidly. It is fast becoming the Number One (1) illicit drug of choice, particularly amongst the young. At present it is 2nd only to Marijuana in usage.

 

Ecstasy is most often available in tablet form and is usually ingested orally. It is also available as a powder and is sometimes snorted and occasionally smoked, but rarely injected. Its effects last approximately 4 to 6 hours.

 

  Effects of Ecstasy

Short term effects include feelings of mental stimulation, emotional warmth & increased sexuality, enhanced sensory perception, and increased physical energy. Adverse health effects can include nausea, chills, sweating, hyperthermia, teeth clenching, muscle cramping & blurred vision.

The effects start about 20 minutes and can last for hours. There is a ‘rush’ feeling followed by a feeling of calm and a sense of well being to those around, often with a heightened perception of colour and sound. Some people actually feel sick and experience stiffening up of arms, legs and particularly the jaw along with sensations of thirst, sleeplessness, depression and paranoia.

 

Ecstasy is most often available in tablet form and is usually ingested orally. It is also available as a powder and is sometimes snorted and occasionally smoked, but rarely injected. Its effects last approximately 4 to 6 hours. Users of the drug say that it produces very positive feelings, empathy for others, elimination of anxiety and extreme relaxation. Ecstasy is also said to suppress the need to eat or drink, enabling users to endure 2 to 3 day parties. As a result, Ecstasy use sometimes results in severe dehydration &/or exhaustion.


 Physical 'adverse effects' & 'risks' with Ecstasy use.

  • Muscle 'tension', lack of muscular coordination, involuntary 'teeth clenching', tremors
  • Blurred vision, rapid eye movement, 'double vision'
  • Increase heart rate, increased blood pressure (placing those with any cardio-vascular disease at high 'risk')
  • Incoherant, 'garbled' & impoverished speech in both content & delivery
  • Fainting, light-headedness, nausea
  • Sweating, chills, hperthermia, convulsions, coma
  • Longer term use can damage the liver

Possible Psychological 'risks'

  • Confusion & disorientation
  • Depression & suicidal thoughts, 'risk taking' behaviours & 'self harming'
  • Sleep disturbances, particularly sleep deprivation
  • Severe agitation & anxiety, panic attacks
  • Paranoia & suspicion
  • Loss of 'self control', 'inhibitions' &/or 'controlled awareness', leading to increased vulnerability
  • Psychotic Symptoms
  • Drug 'craving'
  • Cognitive impairment - both short & long term
  • 'Flashbacks'
  • Violent Behaviour
  • Catatonic syndrome (becoming mute, lethargic, disoriented & displaying 'meaningless' repetitive movements

How Ecstasy Works 

Ecstasy is chemically similar to 'Methamphetamine' & the hallucinogen 'Mescaline'. It produces increase energy, euphoria, emotional warmth, perceptual distortions in time, and tactile experiences. Its primary target is 'Serotonin'; largely responsible for mood & emotions, aggression, sexual activity, and sensitivity to pain. By flooding the brain with serotonin, ecstasy heightens emotional sensitivity which can result in overly demonstrative feelings of empathy, love & sexual desire. Unfortunately, it can produce confusion, depression, sleep disturbances and severe anxiety.....sometimes soon after taking the drug or even days or weeks afterward. Ecstasy also effects, though not as directly, those neurons containing 'Norepinephrine' & 'Dopamine'.

 


Should you have concerns regarding any issue relating to your 'mental or physical well-being', 'Kick off' strongly recommend you seek professional assistance. This may entail contacting your GP or similar clinician (Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Counsellor etc.). You may also contact the appropriate agency or service that might assist you. Irrespective of your choice, ensure you see someone who might help. 

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