Street Names:- Speed, Meth, Chalk, whiz, uppers, amph, billy,
sulphate, grudge, dexys, blues, base, ups, wake ips, bennies, black beauties, jollies, crazy medicine,
yaba & crazy horse. When smoked, terms such as 'ice', 'crystal', 'glass', 'crank' &
'tina' refer to 'Methamphetamines'
What is'Meth' or
Cocaine are termed
'psycho-stimulants' as they artificially excite the production of certain 'feel good'
neurotransmitters in the brain and the 'reward system'. 'Methamphetamine is a perticularly
powerful addictive stimulatn that can be made in 'backyard laboratories; illegally and from largley
Origins of 'Meth'
Amphetamines were first
synthesized in 1887, and its derivative 'methamphetamine'
in 1919. They were both initially used for the treatment of obesity, as a nasal
decongestant, in bronchial inhalers (as used for asthma),
narcolepsy, depression, childhood hyperactivity, 'hangovers' & as an anti-emetic during pregnancy. Amphetamines affect
neurotransmitters such as Norepinephrine - involved with energy, arousal, and heightened senses; and
are similar in effect to that which is produced by cocaine.
'Meth' is used
Methamphetamine can be
snorted, injected, smoked or ingested. The effects vary according to the route of administration, as
does the degree, longevity & immediacy of the effect. For example; when smoked or injected the user
will experience an intense 'rush' that is described as 'extremely pleasurable', yet
last for only a few minutes. Snorting or ingesting 'Meth' results in reported
'euphoria'; a 'high', but not a 'rush' as with injecting or smoking.
Ingestion will produces these effects within 15 to 20 minutes; snorting, within 3 to 5
One of the very
serious problems with 'Meth' use is a phenomenon known as the 'binge & crash'
pattern; whereby tolerance leads to greater quantaties, more frequently in order to obtain the
'high'; followed by the inevitable 'crash' when withdrawn, due to the rapid
decrease in concentration in the blood.
Methamphetamine is made
primarily from 'over the counter' medications & other household substances &
chemicals. These include:
& flu medicine)
Anhydrous ammonia (a
Lithium (as found in
Red phosphorus (as in
matches or flares)
Binges and excessive use or abuse can
often lead to a'crash' when the drug is withdrawn. Emotional & physical exhaustion,depression & the capacity to react to
stress are symptoms that can be experienced. Extended use of amphetamines can result in a
Disease' symptomatology (pseudo-parkinsonism)
due to the decrease in Dopamine and the permanent cerebral cell damage caused. Psychotic
symptoms seen in'Schizophrenia' can also be
Increase physical activity
Euphoria or 'feeling of intense
Increased heart rate & respirations
Increase in basal metabolic rate
Violence - prone to sudden
outbursts of anger & hostility
Chronic Anxiety, confusion
& distorted cognition
Psychotic symptoms that
may not abate in its absence; leading to permanent psychosis or
Permanent damage to brain
structure in all areas, particularly those whose supplies of Dopoamine & Serotonin
have been dramatically affected
Physical Damage from
strain on the heart. It's 'bad news' for people with high blood pressure or
who have a heart condition. An overdose can be 'fatal'.
Excessive use of
Methamphetamine or Amphetamine drastically affects the 'immune system' leading
to regular 'ill-health' - colds, flu, respiritory problems & throat
infections; too much 'speed' & you'll be 'sneezing lumps'
from your nose
neurotransmitter damage; sometimes permanently
Irreversible damage to
blood vessels in the brain; providing a susceptibility to
sometimes secondary to smoking 'meth'
Irregular heartbeat &
cardiac anomolies; sometimes cardiovascular collapse & death
Extreme anorexia &
Speed taken with
antidepressants or alcohol is a combination that has been known to be
Injecting any drug can
cause vein damage, ulcers & gangrene. Dirty or shared needles and injecting
materials can help the spread of hepatitis & HIV. Injecting 'speed' is
particularly dangerous because it's made of, & cut with
believe 'Meth' may be toxic to the brain, causing
cell damage, even after abuse has ceased. It alters the brain chemistry in the long term and is
proven to reduce the amount of a chemical called 'N-acetyl'aspartate'. This chemical's loss has been identified in
diseases such as 'Alzheimer's','Epilepsy', and 'Brain
health) 'damage' & effects of 'Meth'
'Hallucinations' (auditory, visual & 'tactile'; they may feelthey
have 'things' crawling all over them)& 'Delusions' (particularly
Methamphetamine can result in an exacerbation of all of the above damaging psychological effects;
in intensity & consequences.
Methamphetamines cause a'massive' &'rapid' release of
the'feel good' neurotransmitters Dopamine; involved in the 'reward
centre', 'motivation', 'pleasure' &'motor
function'; and'Serotonin'; involved in'mood' &'emotions'.
Chronic'meth' users very often experience emotional retardation
or'blunting',depression and cognitive problems; having'burned-out' their synapses.
there has been a dramatic increase in admissions to emergency departments for the adverse effects
of methamphetamines & amphetamines; these being related topsychotic symptoms & violence. This
can be as a result of the immediate efffefcts or that of'tweaking'; the
behaviour associated with sleep deprivation of between 3 to 15 days and where the user is
unable to obtain the high initially acheived. The frustration,anxiety ¶noia can often quickly excalate into
violence, crime and serious accidents....evensuicide.
Should you have concerns regarding any issue relating to
your 'mental or physical well-being', 'Kick off' strongly recommend
you seek professional assistance. This may entail contacting your GP or similar clinician
(Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Counsellor etc.). You may also contact the appropriate agency or
service that might assist you. Irrespective of your choice, ensure you see someone who might